Magazine topic: 
Life around the world
Total votes: 98

The English rose

11
by : 
AnneS

Living in a foreign country can change your perspective of what you think “everybody knows”. I was teaching a class about England to French teenagers and I mentioned the Tudor rose. They didn’t know what I was talking about! This came as a bit of a surprise to me as the Tudor rose was one of the emblems on my school badge at secondary school and everybody (in England!) recognises it.

The Tudor rose is the national symbol of England and takes its name from the rule of The Tudors, who reigned the Kingdom of England from 1485 to 1603. The Tudor rose is red with a white centre, symbolising the joining of the House of York and the House of Lancaster, the end of the War of the Roses and the beginning of the Tudor Dynasty.

The House of York and The House of Lancaster were at war with each other in a battle for the throne of England. This war was called The War of the Roses. It is so called because The House of York used a badge with a white rose and The House of Lancaster used a badge with a red rose.

The War of the Roses killed off many of the leading contenders for the throne. So although Lancastrian Henry Tudor had a weak claim to the throne, he defeated the last Yorkist King, Richard III, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. The Battle of the Bosworth Field was the last significant battle of the War of the Roses. Henry Tudor was victorious and became King Henry VII.

After assuming the throne, Henry VII married Elizabeth of York; uniting the two houses. The white of York and the red of Lancaster are joined together to make The Tudor rose, marking the union of the two houses and the beginning of a Tudor reign.

The Tudor rose was used as a symbol of peace and today it is used as the symbol of England, just as Scotland uses a thistle, Wales a leek and Ireland a shamrock. The Tudor rose features on the twenty pence coin and on the coat of arms of Canada.

Discussion

Did you know about the Tudor rose? What things do you think everbody knows about your own history?

Comments

NATALYY's picture
6267x
56x
NATALYY 7 June, 2015 - 20:10

It's embaracing but this is first time to me to hear about this rose...:-(But now I know(if that could be good side)

up
28 users have voted.
AnneS's picture
2530x
33x
AnneS 9 June, 2015 - 00:27

It's definitely a positive that now you do know! I'm so pleased, Natalyy! What's the most interesting fact about your history and culture, in your opinion? AnneS
up
28 users have voted.
Elsa007's picture
78396x
1008x
Elsa007 28 March, 2015 - 13:40

So that's how it was…
By the way, I thought the flower in the picture was a camellia! The Tudor rose is red with a white centre, isn't it? :-)

up
30 users have voted.
JoEditor's picture
102185x
713x
JoEditor 28 March, 2015 - 20:34

Elsa007,
You're right - the Tudor rose should be white in the centre but I'm afraid this was the best image we could find. Sorry about that ... and very well spotted! 
Best wishes, Jo (LearnEnglish Teens Team) 

up
28 users have voted.
AnneS's picture
2530x
33x
AnneS 26 March, 2015 - 22:18

As a side note, Benedict Cumberbatch (who plays Sherlock Holmes in Sherlock) is going to play Richard III in the BBC's upcoming drama The Hollow Crown: The War of the Roses!

up
36 users have voted.
Silvermist's picture
19150x
181x
Silvermist 2 April, 2015 - 15:19

Awesome, I can't just wait to watch it curz I love both Benedict Cumberbatch And King Richard III. Thanks a lot for the update.

up
26 users have voted.
AnneS's picture
2530x
33x
AnneS 3 April, 2015 - 17:49

Hi Silvermist, you're very welcome! That's great to hear, I'm glad you liked the article. Do you know a lot about English history? 

up
43 users have voted.
Silvermist's picture
19150x
181x
Silvermist 4 April, 2015 - 05:40

Well not every accurate fact, but do love 2 study about those kings and queens of Britain, their villainous and the benevolent acts.
Since I was interested I took the trouble of reading a book about them. I even studied about the revolutions. But after the kings lost their extended powers, it wasn't interesting anymore. So I think I'll like the olden history much better. I even like the legend of Arthur. and when I know the history, if I happen to read a historical book, I seem to understand a lot, which I enjoy immensely.

up
29 users have voted.
AnneS's picture
2530x
33x
AnneS 7 April, 2015 - 19:41

Hi Silvermist, that's really great that you've taken such an interest in British History! I just read a book called "Divorced, Beheaded, Died: The History of Britain's Kings and Queens in Bite-sized Chunks" which was very interesting and gave a good overview of Britain's kings and queens. Perhaps it might interest you, too! 

up
38 users have voted.